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Propane, also known as Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG), is a clean-burning, gaseous fuel that is pressurized and stored as a liquid when used in vehicles. Propane burns more cleanly than gasoline and can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 20% compared to gasoline on a life cycle basis.

Typically, propane produces up to 90% fewer carbon monoxide emissions and 50% fewer toxic emissions than gasoline.  This is a key reason why this fuel is used to fuel equipment used in indoor applications such as forklifts.

Propane has had the largest market share of any vehicle alternative fuel in British Columbia. This has been due to a number of factors, such as:

  • Many vehicles can be easily converted in the after-market to use propane
  • Propane has historically been cheaper than gasoline by about 40%
  • There are thousands of auto-propane refuelling locations across Canada
  • The driving range for a propane fueled vehicle is only slightly less than gasoline
  • There is no significant difference in power between propane and gasoline
  • Gasoline engines that use propane can last longer and have fewer maintenance issues

Vehicle manufacturers are no longer making dedicated propane fuelled vehicles, and the market is being serviced through conversions of existing gasoline vehicles. Because of a $3000 - $4000 cost of conversion, high-use vehicles, such as taxis and delivery vans, have been the prime market for propane. High use allows an operator to recapture the conversion cost through fuel savings over the life of the vehicle.

A vehicle can be converted to run on propane alone, or to run on either propane or gasoline. Equipment to convert vehicles is readily available, as are the facilities to install and service them. BC companies that provide aftermarket conversions for propane include Technocarb Equipment.

E3 Fleet Partners

The E3 Fleet program reflects the commitment and expertise of many people, including some of the country’s most innovative fleet managers. All have a common passion – to see Canada’s fleets take a cleaner, green road to the future.

The Fraser Basin Council launched E3 Fleet in 2006 in cooperation with Climate Change Central (Alberta) and Fleet Challenge. Since October 2016, the program has been managed by Richmond Sustainability Initiatives (RSI).

The E3 Fleet Charter members were also pivotal to its success: Auto-Gas Propane, BC Hydro, BC Ministry of Environment, City of Coquitlam, Corporation of Delta, Enbridge, City of Hamilton, Hydro One, City of Kelowna, Township of Langley, District of Maple Ridge, City of North Vancouver, Novex Couriers, City of Prince George, District of Saanich, University of BC and Municipality of Whistler. We’ve enjoyed the journey so far, and it’s only just begun. Join us!

E3 Fleet in Brief

E3 Fleet is a Canada-wide program that helps public and private sector organizations green up their vehicle fleets.

E3 Fleet offers information and tools to help you increase fuel efficiency in your fleet, reduce harmful emissions, manage expenses, and incorporate new technologies, fuels and best management practices. We offer Fleet Review and Fleet Rating, unique opportunities for you to boost fleet performance and receive recognition for that achievement.



In October 2016 Richmond Sustainability Initiatives (RSI) assumed management of the E3 Fleet program from the Fraser Basin Council. RSI is recognized for its work on green transportation and green building projects across North America and is host to Fleet Challenge.

Reach Us

For more information on Fleet Challenge and the E3 Fleet Standards program, contact:

Roger Smith
Executive Director
Fleet Challenge and E3 Fleet Program

T: 416 418-9931

Jana Cervinka

Director, Communications and External Relations
T: 954 299 5885